It is the second most populated, industrialized city with the greatest economic activity in Peru. It stands out for the production of manufactured products, the textile production of camelid wool and the production and marketing of copper and molybdenum concentrates. It is located in the southern region of the country and its foundation dates back to the year 1540. Its historic center was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000 for the historical and monumental heritage it houses and its scenic and cultural spaces. It is the third most visited city in the country, after Cuzco and Lima. It is the seat of the Constitutional Court and is considered the “Legal Capital of Peru.” It is also known as “The White City” or “León del Sur”.

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