Its name comes from the words Collaguas and Cabanas, two ethnic groups that lived along the Colca River. This canyon has a depth of 4,160 meters and is the fourth deepest canyon on the planet. In 2019, UNESCO declared it a world geopark along with the Andagua volcanoes. It is one of the largest tourist destinations in Peru. In addition to its agricultural wealth, there is a large number of churches, many of them with notable architecture and valuable pieces of religious art; its customs and traditions that are shown in the crafts of each of its towns. In the caves of the Colca Valley there are paintings and engravings that are more than 7,000 years old representing hunting scenes, guanacos, llamas, foxes, human figures, astral representations such as the Sun, the Southern Cross, birds and many other figures. that prove the passage of various human settlements, for thousands of years that left traces of their existence. It is one of the main tourist attractions in the country. Another of the main characteristics of the valley are its hot springs and geysers, this indicates the presence of hot volcanic centers nearby.

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