Officially the Islamic Republic of the Gambia, it is a nation in West Africa. It is completely surrounded by Senegal, except at the mouth of the Gambia River into the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Banjul, although the largest city in the country is Serekunda. The country is located on the banks of the Gambia River, which gives its name to the country, and which runs through its center and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The country has an area of 10,500 km² and an estimated population of 1.7 million people. The Gambia shares with the rest of the nations of West Africa a past associated with the slave market, which It was the key factor for the location and maintenance of a colony on the Gambia River, first maintained by the Portuguese and later by the British Empire. On February 18, 1965, The Gambia achieved independence from the United Kingdom and since then the country has enjoyed relative political stability, with the exception of a short period of military dictatorship in 1994.It is a country with very fertile lands that have turned agriculture into one of the key elements of its economy, along with fishing and tourism.

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