It is a sovereign country located in the southern part of North America and the third largest in area in Latin America. Its coasts border to the west with the Pacific Ocean and to the east with the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, totaling 9,330 kilometers of coastline. Human presence in Mexico dates back 30,000 years. According to the World Tourism Organization, Mexico was the main tourist destination in Latin America and the third most visited in the world in 2020, this is due to its 35 cultural or natural places that are considered World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. It is also one of the countries with the greatest diversity of climates in the world, home to 10-12% of the world's biodiversity and is home to more than 12,000 endemic species. It was the home of the Mayan culture, a civilization that lasted for millennia and developed exquisite art and architecture, the most advanced writing system in the New World along with much literature, as well as astronomical and mathematical knowledge. Among the latter, the use of a more precise calendar than that used in Europe at the time stands out, and it is one of the pioneer civilizations in the use of the number zero. In Mexico you can visit one of the 7 Wonders of the World, Chichén Itzá, one of the main Mayan archaeological sites located on the Yucatán Peninsula.

Useful information for traveling to Mexico